Origin & Purpose
The Pekingese were originally bred in
the Chinese Imperial Palace in Beijing, China. Chinese
works of art depict the Pekingese as far back as 900 A.D.
Five dogs were looted from the Summer Palace in 1860 and
taken to England. Imports to the U.S.A. began in early
1900’s and the first of the breed were registered in Canada
The Pekingese toy size makes it a most
endearing companion dog that will happily sit on a lap, go
for walks or take part in obedience and agility.
The Pekingese is a well-balanced,
compact dog of Chinese origin with a heavy front and lighter
hindquarters. Its image is lion like, implying courage,
dignity, boldness and self-esteem rather than daintiness or
A combination of regal dignity,
intelligence and self-importance make for a good natured,
opinionated and affectionate companion to those who have
earned its respect. Can be stubborn. Its temperament is
one of directness, independence and individuality.
Size, Proportion & Substance
The Pekingese, when lifted, has a
centre of gravity towards its front end. It is surprisingly
heavy for its size. It has a stocky, muscular body. All
weights are correct within a limit of 14 lbs (6.3 kg).
Overall balance is of utmost importance. The head is large
in proportion to the body. The Pekingese is longer than
tall when measured from the forechest to the buttocks. The
overall outline is an approximate ratio of 3 high to 5 long.
Sleeve Pekingese All aspects of the standard are the same
for the sleeve with the exception of weight, which must be 6
lbs (2.7 kg) or under.
Coat and Colour
It is a long, coarse-textured,
straight, stand-off outer coat, with thick, soft undercoat.
The coat forms a noticeable mane on the neck and shoulder
area with the coat on the remainder of the body being
somewhat shorter in length. A long and profuse coat is
desirable providing it does not obscure the shape of the
body. Long feathering is found on toes, backs of the thighs
and forelegs, with longer fringing on the ears and tail.
Presentation should accentuate the natural outline of the
of the Pekingese. Any obvious trimming or sculpting of the
coat, detracting from its natural appearance, should be
severely penalized. Only trimming between the pads under the
feet, to prevent slipping, is permitted. Removal of stray
hairs poking the eyeballs is allowed. All coat colours and
markings are allowable and of equal merit. Red, fawn,
black, black and tan, sable, brindle, white and cream. The
colouring of a particoloured dog must be broken on the body;
white should be shown on the saddle. No large portion of
any colour should exist.
A black mask or a self-coloured face is
equally acceptable. Regardless of coat colour, the exposed
skin of the muzzle, nose, lips and eye rims are black.
Spectacles around the eyes with lines running to the ears
The top skull is massive,
broad and flat and, when combined with wide set eyes,
cheekbones and broad lower jaw, forms the correctly shaped
face. When viewed from the front, the skull is wider than
deep, which contributes to the desired rectangular,
envelope-shaped appearance of the head. In profile, the
face is flat. When viewed from the side, the chin, nose
leather and brow all lie in one plane, which slants very
slightly backward from chin to forehead.
They are heart-shaped, set on the front
corners of the top skull, and lie flat against the head.
The leather does not extend below the jaw. Correctly
placed ears, with their heavy feathering and long fringing,
frame the sides of the face and add to the appearance of a
wide rectangular head.
They are large, very dark, clear,
round, lustrous and set wide apart. They are placed
frontally. The look is bold, not bulging or bolting. The
whites of the eyes should not show when the dog is looking
It is broad, short and black. Nostrils
are wide and open, never pinched. A line drawn horizontally
over the top of the nose intersects slightly above the
centre of the eyes.
It effectively separates the upper and
lower areas of the face. It is a hair-covered fold of skin
extending from one cheek over the bridge of the nose in a
wide inverted V to the other cheek. It is never prominent
or heavy as to crowd the facial features, obscure more than
a small portion of the eyes, or fall forward over any
portion of the nose leather.
Deep, it is obscured from view by the
It is very flat, broad, and well filled-in below the eyes.
Whiskers add to the desired expression and should never be
removed (so as to protect the eyes). Mouth:
Level lips, not showing
teeth or tongue; broad level under jaw. Tight flews. Lippyness
undershot. Reverse scissors
It is very short and thick.
They are short, thick and heavy boned.
The bones of the forelegs are moderately bowed between the
pastern and the elbow. The broad chest, wide set forelegs
and closer rear legs all contribute to the correct rolling
gate. The distance from the point of shoulder to the tip of
the withers is approximately equal to the distance from the
point of the shoulder to the elbow. Shoulders are well laid
back and fit smoothly onto the body. The elbows are always
close to the body. Feet: Front feet are turned out slightly
when standing or moving. They are large and flat not round,
well fringed, standing well up on feet not pasterns. The
pasterns slope gently.
Dew claws may or may not be present.
It is pear-shaped, compact and low to
the ground. It is heavy in front with well-sprung ribs slung
between the forelegs. The forechest is broad and full
without protruding breastbone. The underline rises from the
deep chest to the lighter loin, thus forming a narrow waist.
The topline is straight. The loin is short, with longer
loin being acceptable in bitches.
They are lighter in bone than the
forequarters. There is a moderate angulation of stifle and
hock. When viewed from behind, the rear legs are reasonably
close and parallel, never cow-hocked or bandy-legged or
straddled too far apart. Feet: The hind feet point straight
ahead when standing or moving. They are smaller than the
front feet. Dew claws may or may not be present.
The high tail set is slightly arched
and carried well over the back, free of kinks or curls.
Long, profuse, straight fringing may fall to either side.
slow, dignified, rolling
gait caused by body being heavy in front and lighter
hind-quarters, with forelegs being bowed and hindquarters
being close and parallel. The typical rolling action is not
to be confused with a roll caused by slackness of shoulders
that will not flow freely.
close, steady and free.
Soundness essential. This motion is smooth and effortless
and is as free as possible from bouncing, prancing or
jarring. There is adequate reach and moderate drive.
• Dudley, liver or grey nose
• Pinched nostrils
• Protruding tongue or teeth
• Overshot, level, scissors bite or reverse scissors bite
• Wry mouth
• Narrow underjaw or weak chin
• Light brown, yellow, blue or badly blemished eyes
• Ears set much too high, low or far back
• Roach or swayback
• Straight-boned forelegs
• Weight over 14 lbs (6.3 kg)
• Albino or liver colour
Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended in the scrotum.
The Pekingese is a
Brachyephalic - is the term
for the skulls having a shortened muzzle and flat face
Exophtalmic - the Peke's prominent, sometimes bulging
Prognathicism - is the term for underbite - the bottom
teeth protrude further than the top teeth
Achondroplastic dwarf - a large , heavy dog with short
Contrary to popular thinking, Pekingese are not "sissy"
dogs...They are just as happy running in a field as
sitting on a lap. Pekingese have been known to chase
rabbits, plunge into lakes, and roll in mud. The
Pekingese is a tough , compact ball of energy. They are
great watch dogs and have little fear. If your Peke is
barking be sure that he/she has something to bark
Pekingese do not have stubborn streaks ---- they have
stubborn bodies. When a Peke plants it's feet and
refuses to move, well, you'd have a better chance of
moving concrete slab.
Pekingese do not take to strangers quickly ...... it is
a one-family dog and can tell when someone is not part
of the family. With time though a Peke will warm up to
someone who comes to visit regularly.
The Pekingese is and always will be a Royal Dog....it
will never be let itself be down-graded but always an
equal.....although, it will concede a little for a
scratch or a belly rub.