Breed Standard of the
Golden Retriever (CKC)
A symmetrical, powerful active dog,
sound and well put together, not clumsy nor long in the leg, displaying
a kindly expression and possessing a personality that is eager, alert
and self-confident. Primarily a hunting dog, he should be shown in hard
working condition. Overall appearance, balance, gait and purpose to be
given more emphasis than any of his component parts.
Males 23-24 inches in height at the
withers, females 21.5-22.5 inches. Length from breastbone to buttocks
slightly greater than height at withers in ratio 12:11. Weight for dogs,
65-75 lb., bitches 60-70 lb.
Coat and colour:
Dense and water repellent with good
undercoat. Texture not as hard as that of a short-haired dog nor silky
as that of a setter. Lies flat against body and may be straight or wavy.
Moderate feathering on back of forelegs and heavier feathering on front
of neck, back of thighs and underside of tail. Feathering may be lighter
than rest of coat. Excessive length, open coats, or limp, soft coats are
undesirable. The natural appearance of the coat or outline should not be
altered by cutting or clipping, other than the trimming of the feet and
neatening of stray hairs. Colour lustrous golden of various shades. A
few white hairs on chest permissible but not desirable. Further white
markings to be faulted except for greying or whitening of the face or
body due to age. Any noticeable area of black or other off-colour hair
is to be faulted.
Broad in skull, slightly arched
laterally and longitudinally without prominence of frontal or occipital
bones. Good stop. Foreface deep and wide, nearly as long as skull.
Muzzle when viewed in profile, slightly deeper at stop than at tip; when
viewed from above, slightly wider at stop than at tip. No heaviness in
flews. Removal of whiskers for show purposes optional.
Black or dark brown, though lighter
shade in cold weather not serious. Dudley nose (pink, without
pigmentation) to be faulted.
Friendly and intelligent, medium
large with dark closefitting rims, set well apart and reasonably deep in
sockets. Colour preferably dark brown, never lighter than colour of
coat. No white or haw visible when looking straight ahead. Dogs showing
functional abnormality of the eyelids (such as, but not limited to,
trichiasis, entropion, ectropion or distichiasis) are to be excused from
Scissors bite with lower incisors
touching inside of upper incisors. Full dentition. Obvious gaps created
by missing teeth to be faulted.
Rather short, hanging flat against
head and with rounded tips slightly below jaw. Forward edge attached
well behind and just above eye with lower edge slightly below eye. Low,
hound-like ear set to be faulted.
Medium long, sloping well back into
shoulders, giving sturdy, muscular appearance with untrimmed natural
ruff. No throatiness.
Forequarters muscular, well
coordinated with hindquarters and capable of free movement. Shoulder
blades wide long and well laid back, showing angulation with upper arm
of approximately 90 degrees. Shoulder blade and upper arm (humerus)
should be approximately equal in length, setting closefitting elbows
back beneath the
upper tip of the shoulder blades. Legs straight with good bone. Pastern
short and strong, sloping slightly forward with no suggestion of
Well balanced. short coupled, deep
through the heart. Chest at least as wide as a man's hand, including
thumb. Brisket extends to elbows. Ribs long and well sprung but not
barrel shaped, extending well to rear of body. Loin short, muscular,
wide and deep, with very little tuck up, whether standing or moving.
Croup slopes gently.
Slab-sidedness, narrow chest, lack of depth in brisket, excessive tuck
up, roach or sway back to be faulted.
Well bent stifles (angulation between
femur and pelvis approximately 90 degrees). With hocks well let down,
legs straight when viewed from rear. Cow hocks and sickle hocks to be
Medium size, round and compact, with
thick pads. Excess hair may be trimmed to show natural size and contour.
Open or splayed feet to be faulted.
Well set on, neither too high nor too
low, following natural line of croup. Length extends to hock. Carried
with merry action with some upward curve but never curled over back or
When trotting, gait is free, smooth
powerful and well-coordinated. Viewed from front or rear, legs turn
neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other.
Increased speed causes tendency of feet to converge toward centre line
Friendly, reliable, and trustworthy.
Hostility or aggressiveness towards other dogs or people, undue timidity
or nervousness in normal situations is not in keeping with the character
of Golden Retriever. Dogs displaying poor temperament should be excused
from the ring.
Any departure from the described ideal shall
be considered faulty to the degree to which it interferes with the
breed's purpose or is contrary to breed character.
Deviation in height of more than 1 inch from standard either way.
Monochordism or cryptochordism. Undershot or overshot bite. This
condition not to be confused with misalignment of teeth. Trichiasis
(abnormal position or direction of the eyelashes).